This book was developed by a group of five ActionAid countries, who came together to take leadership for the wider ActionAid federation on accountability in emergencies. These countries are ActionAid Denmark, ActionAid Haiti, ActionAid Kenya, ActionAid Myanmar and ActionAid Pakistan. Representatives from these countries worked together to develop this document, as well as piloting new accountability tools in their own programmes as a way of generating learning for the wider federation. Consultation on the Resource Book was carried out with colleagues across the ActionAid federation, including accountability focal points, colleagues working on Reflection-Action, EFAST roster members, and other relevant communities of practice. This book is designed to support people working on emergency preparedness, response and recovery to integrate accountability to disaster-affected communities into their programmes. It sets out key principles and broad guidance on how ActionAid approaches accountability in emergencies, and describes a selection of tools that have proven valuable in different countries where ActionAid works, as well as some tools developed by other agencies that we feel are exciting additions to our own experience. Guidance is also provided on how these could be used in different contexts, and we have included case studies documenting the practical experience from those who have used them in emergency programmes (including challenges as well as positive experiences!). We hope this will be a living document, which will continue to build on ActionAid’s ongoing experience in strengthening accountability to disaster-affected communities. At the end of this book you will find details of how ActionAid members and country programmes can share case studies and tools from their own experiences.